If you don’t owe and are not responsible for any portion of the debt
If you believe you are an injured spouse, you must file a IRS Form 8379, Injured Spouse Allocation, to let the IRS know. You need to file IRS Form 8379 for each year for which you are an injured spouse and want your portion of any refund. You can file this form before or after the offset occurs, depending on when you become aware of the separate debt, and can file it with your electronic return.
If you’re filing IRS Form 8379 with your original joint return (IRS Forms 1040, 1040A, or 1040-EZ), by mail, before an offset is made:
- Write “INJURED SPOUSE” in the top left-hand corner of the first page of the joint return.
- Follow the instructions on IRS Form 8379 carefully and attach it to your return.
If you’re filing IRS Form 8379 with your amended joint return (IRS Form 1040X), by mail, before or after offset
- Show both your and your spouse’s Social Security numbers in the same order as they appeared on your original joint return.
- You, the "injured" spouse, must sign the IRS Form 8379.
- Follow the instructions on IRS Form 8379 carefully and attach the required forms to avoid delays.
If you’re sending IRS Form 8379 by itself, be sure to send it to the IRS Service Center where you filed your original return (or the IRS Service Center for the area where you live if you filed your original return electronically). You can find the addresses at Where to File Your Individual Return page on IRS.gov.
Important information about your refund: On IRS Form 8379, be careful to read and answer the questions on Lines 11 and 12, if they apply to you.
- Check the box on Line 11 only if you want your refund to be issued with both your and your spouse’s names.
- Do not check the box on Line 11 if you’re divorced, separated from, or no longer living with the spouse with whom you filed the joint return.
- If the refund check is issued in both names, and you no longer maintain a joint account with the other person, you may experience difficulty in getting the check cashed.
- The box on Line 12 lets you decide if you want your injured spouse refund to be sent to an address different from the one on your joint return.
If you are responsible for the debt
If you are responsible for the debt, you’re generally not considered an injured spouse. See Offsets for more information.
If your refund is different than what you claimed
If the refund amount shown on the Notice of Offset is different from the amount claimed on your joint tax return, contact the IRS to find out why. There should be a phone number on the notice. If not, call 1-800-829-1040.